Ayurveda is a traditional system of medicine in India that supports health by strengthening the body’s own self-healing and balancing mechanisms. It doesn’t rely on any foreign substance to replace or correct the hormones in the body. As per Ayurveda, all disease occurs due to an imbalance of ‘agnimandya’(weakened digestive fire) and ‘tridosha dushti’ (imbalance of three doshas). The imbalance of agni is responsible for the build-up of ‘ama’ for toxins which cause imbalances in the body.
Therefore, treatment of ‘ama’ involves treatment of ‘agni’ using herbs and following strict eating schedules, and excluding ‘ama’ increasing foods like processed foods, cold foods, and chemicals.
In Ayurveda, the three doshas – Vata, Pitta, and Kapha – play a significant role in determining an individual’s overall health and well-being, including fertility. Balancing your doshas can help improve fertility rates. It’s essential to consult with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner who can assess your individual constitution (Prakriti) and any dosha imbalances (Vikriti).
There can be many factors responsible for the imbalance of doshas. Different doshas can impact fertility in different ways. Let’s how an imbalance of dosha affects the reproductive system and fertility.
Vata causes dryness in the reproductive system including the mouth of the cervix, fallopian tubes, and vagina. This inhibits sperm from sticking and makes conception difficult.
Pitta causes excessive bleeding, inflammation, and pain during menstruation. It can also lead to fibroids, ulcers, and blisters. Sperms are unable to survive in such an environment. It may also lead to scarring of the fallopian tube.
Kapha leads to irregular bleeding and menstrual cycle. It also causes white discharge, cysts, and thickening of the uterus lining and fallopian tubes. Kapha people usually have the strongest reproductive systems as water element supports shukra dhatu. Infertility problems in kapha people are due to cold, heavy, and oily diets along with a sedentary lifestyle. When Kapha Dosha is predominant, uterine fibroids also may develop and often involve Pitta and Vata displacement.
The most easily disturbed Dosha out of the three is the Vata which causes functional defects in the egg and difficulties with implantation. Vata is often responsible for infertility. Excessive exercise, fear, anxiety, or stress due to trauma, excessive fasting due to eating disorders or diet including cold, light, and dry substances can lead to vata imbalance. In such cases, Vatanulomana (correcting the functions of Vata) is important in the treatment of infertility. Ayurvedic formulations and following routine exercises and a strict diet schedule help in Vatanulomana.
Diet, specific herbs and spices, and some lifestyle modifications as per dosha are important to treat infertility issues due to particular doshas.
Vata pacifying diet and herbs: A moist, warm, and heavy diet that is well-cooked is generally recommended. Food should be eaten warm. Take warm milk with Ghee and spices to nourish shukra dhatu. Herbs recommended are shilajit and tonics with shatavari, wild yam, and vidari kanda prepared in warm milk with ghee are given. Basti is the main treatment in Panchakarma to balance Vata dosha. Different types of Basti like Anuvasana Basti, Niruha Basti, and Uttar basti are beneficial. Herbs like Haritaki, Sunthi, ashwagandha are also helpful. Spices like asafoetida, ginger, turmeric, cumin, and garlic can also be incorporated into the diet. Vata people need to follow a routine, meal schedule, and sleep schedule.
Pitta pacifying diet and herbs : Cool and nourishing diet is recommended. Milk with ghee at room temperature with cool spices is given to nourish shukra dhatu. Also, drink adequate water to keep yourself cool. Herbs recommended are shatavari, wild yam, vidari kanda, and brahmi. Bala douche to help in vaginal mucous secretion. Mint, cardamom, saffron, cilantro, licorice are cooling herbs which can be incorporated in diet. It’s important for these people to avoid excessive heat and stressful situations. Try to maintain a calm and composed mindset.
Kapha pacifying diet and herbs: A warm and light diet is recommended. Avoid heavy and oily foods and avoid over-eating as these people are prone to obesity. Herbs recommended are Pennyroyal, guggul, Ginger and cinnamon are herbs that can help balance Kapha and support reproductive health. Kapha people need to stay physically active and avoid sedentary habits. Regular exercise, such as brisk walks, can help balance Kapha.
Practices common to balancing all doshas are :
Panchkarma: A personalized Panchakarma treatment can help detoxify the body and balance all doshas, which can support overall fertility. Panchakarma seeks to restore harmony among the doshas by purifying the body, eliminating impurities, and rejuvenating the individual’s health and vitality. It works by employing a series of therapeutic techniques, including dietary changes, herbal treatments, and cleansing procedures, to remove accumulated toxins (ama) and restore the doshic equilibrium.
Stress Management: High stress levels can affect fertility. Regular yoga, pranayama, and relaxation techniques, such as meditation and deep breathing, can help manage stress and balance doshas. For specific doshas, specific aasanas and paranayams are also recommended.
For Vata dosha, characterized by qualities like cold, dryness, and instability, gentle, grounding yoga poses and slow, deep pranayama techniques can help. Poses such as Tadasana (Mountain Pose) and Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose) can provide stability and warmth, while pranayama exercises like Nadi Shodhana (Alternate Nostril Breathing) can calm the restless mind associated with Vata imbalance.
Pitta dosha, with its qualities of heat, intensity, and sharpness, benefits from cooling and soothing yoga postures. Poses like Shitali Pranayama (Cooling Breath) and Shavasana (Corpse Pose) can help reduce excess heat and promote relaxation. Avoiding strenuous and competitive yoga practices is advised for Pitta balance.
Kapha dosha, known for its heavy, cold, and stagnant qualities, benefits from invigorating yoga poses and dynamic pranayama techniques. Postures like Bhastrika Pranayama (Bellows Breath) and Ustrasana (Camel Pose) can stimulate energy flow and reduce lethargy, promoting balance in Kapha dosha.
Balancing doshas is important for the overall health of an individual which may also help in increasing the fertility rate. It is important to understand that Ayurveda is not a quick-fix solution to health problems. It needs a lot of patience and consistent effort to strengthen your health including reproductive health through Ayurveda.